Tax Audit under Income Tax Act


Tax Audit under Income Tax Act

In case the turnover of the taxpayer (irrespective of its category) is equal to or more than Rs. 1 Crore from the business or Rs. 50 Lac from the income from profession then as per The Income Tax Act, 1961 an audit known as Tax Audit by a practicing chartered accountant (CA) is required to be done under section 44AB. The tax audit report must be filed online at the income tax portal before the specified due dates.

Turnover or Gross Receipt Limit for Tax Audit for AY 2020-2021

Sr.No. Type of Taxpayer Turnover
1 Company 1crore
2 LLP - Business Income 1crore
3 LLP - Income from Profession 50 Lakhs
4 Partnership Firm - Business Income 1crore
5 Partnership FIrm - Income from Profession 50 Lakhs
6 Individual - Business Income 1 Crore
7 Individual - Income from Profession 50 Lakhs
8 Presumptive Business Income u/s 44AD 2 Crore
9 Presumptive Profession Income u/s 44AD 50 Lakhs


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A proper audit for tax purposes would ensure that the books of account and other records are properly maintained, that they truly reflect the income of the taxpayer and claims for deduction are correctly made by him. Such audit would also help in checking fraudulent practices. It can also facilitate the administration of tax laws by a proper presentation of accounts before the tax authorities and considerably save the time of Assessing Officers in carrying out routine verifications, like checking correctness of totals and verifying whether purchases and sales are properly vouched for or not. The time of the Assessing Officers saved could be utilised for attending to more important and investigational aspects of a case.​

The report of the tax audit conducted by the chartered accountant is to be ​furnished in the prescribed form. The form prescribed for audit report in respect of audit conducted under section 44AB​ is Form No. 3CB and the prescribed particulars are to be reported in Form No. 3CD. In case of persons covered under previous FAQ, i.e., who are required to get their accounts audited by or under any other law, the form prescribed for audit report is Form No. 3CA/3CB and the prescribed particulars are to be reported in Form No. 3CD.​

"A person covered by section 44AB should get his accounts audited and should obtain the audit report on or before 30th September of the relevant assessment year, e.g., Tax audit report for the financial year 2019-20 corresponding to the assessment year 2020-21 should be obtained on or before 30th September, 2020. ​The tax audit report is to be electronically filed by the chartered accountant to the Income-tax Department. After filing of report by the chartered accountant, the taxpayer has to approve the report from his e-fling account with Income-tax Department"

"According to section 271B, if any person who is required to comply with section 44AB fails to get his accounts audited in respect of any year or years as required under section 44AB or furnish such report as required under section 44AB​, the Assessing Officer may impose a penalty. The penalty shall be lower of the following amounts: (a) 0.5% of the total sales, turnover or gross receipts, as the case may be, in business, or of the gross receipts in profession, in such year or years. (b) Rs. 1,50,000. However, according to section 271B​, no penalty shall be imposed if reasonable cause for such failure is proved."